Fashion to the sorting of garbage has appeared in the world recently. And although now it is actively developed, a large number of people continue to dispose garbage incorrectly, causing serious damage to the environment.
We AdMe.ru indifferent to environmental issues, so I want to tell you what types of waste can not be thrown out in regular trash.
1. Aerosol cans
Liquid or gas in all aerosol cans are under pressure, therefore, having got under a press of garbage, these containers can easily explode or ignite. Volatile particles of unused funds will go into the atmosphere.
What to do: Take the bottles to a landfill where it disposed of hazardous household waste.
2. Burned-out light bulbs
Modern fluorescent lamps are to 1st, the most dangerous class of solid waste and require special disposal. In their composition are very toxic substances, including mercury. Throwing fluorescent light bulbs in the trash, we risk damaging not only nature but also the health of others.
What to do: the right thing to do is to take the bulb in points of reception of hazardous waste. Incandescent, led and halogen bulbs are not toxic, so they can be disposed of with normal waste.
3. Remains of paint, varnishes, adhesives, solvents
It would seem, than can hurt the nature of a paint can? The reality is not so simple. Paint products contain toxic substances that release into the air harmful fumes and in contact with the soil can quickly contaminate it. In addition, paints and solvents are flammable — this, too, should not be forgotten.
What to do: use paint completely, then you can take the Bank into the black metal or discarded. If paint is too much, is to wait until it is completely dry, and then throw away the jar or just put the container in recycling center hazardous waste.
Home store medicines with expired shelf life should not, and throw them in the trash (or wash down the drain). Chemicals medicines can contaminate the soil and ground water, and the pills or tablets can cause the death of small animals and birds.
What to do: unfortunately, Russia lags behind European countries in the issue of the proper disposal of medicines. In our pharmacies is not worth special containers for expired medicine, and clinics are not yet organized in special points of reception. At the moment there is 2 way out:
1. Medications with unexpired expiration date (if they are no use to you anymore) you can donate to those in need through special services (for example, “Articulating” or “Pill free”).
2. Expired drugs best carefully grind, mix with something unattractive and inedible (e.g., used kitty litter), and only then throw in the trash.
5. Glass thermometers
We all know from childhood: to break a thermometer is dangerous because of the mercury that it contains. For this reason, do not throw the thermometer with your regular trash. Mercury-containing waste refers to the 1st class of hazardous waste and require special disposal.
What to do: to Take the thermometer in points of reception of mercury-containing items or for the disposal of hazardous household waste.
6. Aluminum cans
If the period of decomposition of the ordinary tin of iron of approximately 10 years, similar to the aluminum cans for this you need about 500 years. All this time the aluminium will be oxidized, releasing into the soil of harmful substances.
What to do: the best option is to donate cans for recycling. This solution has several advantages. Aluminium can be recycled an unlimited number of times, and it will not lose its properties. Its processing requires much less resources than its creation. And for the delivery of aluminum cans in the center of reception of nonferrous metal you can get a small cash reward.
7. Chemical oil and petroleum products
In case of accidental contact to earth oils, which are products of processing of oil, very quickly penetrate the soil and contaminate groundwater. Nature will have a long time to recover from such pollution, so the synthetic oil and other petroleum products classified as hazardous waste.
What to do: Contact the center for the disposal of hazardous household waste, to there helped send oil processing.
8. Old batteries
Spent batteries cannot take in the trash as ordinary garbage. They contain toxic substances and belong to the 2nd class of hazard of solid waste. By ingestion of lead, alkalis and carcinogens from the battery case into the environment, the nature will be able to fully recover for at least 30 years.
What to do: to Hand over the spent battery to a recycling center or hazardous household waste to the center of reception of nonferrous metals and earn some money.
9. Electronics and appliances
Any electronic device, just taken to landfill, is transformed into a time bomb. Numerous appliances and electronic gadgets will eventually start to pollute all around, releasing harmful substances. The composition techniques are many: cadmium, beryllium, mercury and others. All of this will fall into the soil and groundwater.
What to do: take Advantage of the program of return and recycling, which are themselves producers of household appliances.
10. Chemicals for the garden
Environmentalists have long urged gardeners to abandon pesticides, herbicides, defoliants and other toxic chemicals. Because the toxins are able to accumulate in the soil and then get into human organism together with food. However, many do not perceive this information properly, and after using throw left overs in the trash. In the end, suffer the same soil and ground water.
What to do: to Donate unused chemicals to the centre for disposal of toxic solid waste. And it is better not to buy a new one.
Probably all heard that batteries should be disposed of in the trash. Why, few know. If not properly disposed of only 1 battery can contaminate about 20 square meters of soil and 400 l of water. And to decompose in natural conditions is more than 100 years, contaminating the space around them. If the battery to try to burn all the toxic substances that it contains (it could be mercury, lead, cadmium and other), quickly will be in the atmosphere and pollutes the air. No wonder the battery manufacturers put a special sign “do Not throw in the trash.”
What to do: to give away used batteries in designated collection point where they can be disposed of properly. And not to lazy to go there because of 1 battery pack, can save used alone or together with colleagues.
12. From polyethylene and plastic (including bags, bottles and the like)
To decompose in nature, plastic takes about 100 years and plastic — more than 500. With good alignment, decomposition products of these substances will simply remain in the ground or the water, which was discarded plastic or plastic object. At worst, they can cause injury and death of animals, birds and fish.
What to do: Discard plastic and plastic products in special designated containers to put them in for recycling.
Interesting fact: Along with the regular garbage can be disposed of plastic bags (not to be confused with plastic). Cellophane biodegradable in 2 to 4 years, without causing massive harm.
Do you separate waste collection or, in your opinion, is too complex a process?