How malocclusion affects our appearance and well-being

A bad bite is not only ugly smile, but a threat to human health in General. In very advanced cases may affect not only the jaw but also the digestive, respiratory and even cardiovascular system of the body. In addition, unsuccessful prosthetic or crooked teeth are able to change facial features and cause insecurity.

AdMe.ru decided to find out what will be the consequences of malocclusion and the need to visit the orthodontist during adulthood. The results were impressive.

1. Facial asymmetry

A small asymmetry of the face does not spoil and even gives it originality. But in the case of incorrect occlusion (bite) can form a strong asymmetry of the lower or upper part of the face. Early loss of baby tooth or lack of adult teeth can also cause one corner of the mouth is higher than the other or the eye line will be shifted.

In the light version of this feature is found even among celebrities. If the missing tooth or malocclusion is not addressed in time, with already formed asymmetries are not always able to cope even qualified dentists.

2. Curvature of the spine and an imbalance of the body

If the teeth are badly closed, it can impair posture and even to partially affect the motor activity of man. First of all it concerns those who for a long time leads to a sedentary lifestyle. The effect of improper occlusion on body control and posture is most noticeable when the person feels tired.

3. Protruding upper teeth or the heavy chin

Overall there are 3 types of malocclusion.

  • Class I: molars (6th, 7th and 8th teeth) the bite close normally, but the other teeth are crowded, unevenly grow excessively or insufficiently cut.
  • Class II: first molars upper and lower jaw do not coincide with each other, and the upper jaw protrudes over the lower.
  • Class III: buccal teeth are also normally closed and the lower jaw protrudes forward.

Therefore, abnormal occlusion of the 2nd class in humans, the top teeth protrude forward, and in the case of abnormal occlusion of the 3rd class he has a massive, protruding chin.

4. The clicking jaw and pain in the joint

Malocclusion (malocclusion) can also lead to dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). While there is pain in the joint, clicking or crackling. These sounds typically occur during jaw movements. Although TMJ dysfunction, and does not require serious treatment, it can easily become chronic.

5. Headache

If the bad teeth are closed, people are forced to make an extra effort to chewing. Sometimes it causes pain in the muscles of the jaw, which is given in the temporal area.

The pain can manifest not only during the meal: if the back teeth interfere with the normal movements of the jaw, its muscles become continually tense and hyperactive. And in the temples, often have unpleasant sensations. They are called tension headaches.

On rare occasions, a headache may occur after a failed prosthesis when the jaws are closed enough.

Experiment: to test whether you have back pain due to improper teeth structure, strongly clench the teeth. If the discomfort will increase, you will need to go to the orthodontist.

6. Risk of damage to the teeth

If the surface of the teeth prevent movement of the jaw, the enamel begins to wear away, making teeth vulnerable to bacteria. Chewing your food, you run the risk of chipping the edge of the tooth or split it in half. The force with which we compress the jaws during mastication, is usually 10 kg / sq cm, but some people can be in 7 times more. Hurt so bad “fit” each other’s teeth is easier than we think.

7. Violation of the contour of the face and premature aging

Craniofacial growth does not end in childhood and adolescence. Small changes, according to dentists occur in later years. As a result of improper bite can cause the face contour to change the shape of the cheeks may drop, the corners of the lips. By the way, the presence or absence of wisdom teeth can also affect bite. Many celebrities specially and remove these teeth to make cheekbones more expressive. However, assure dentists face in this case is losing weight rare.

Violation of the oval face can, in turn, lead to the appearance of premature wrinkles. And those may be more pronounced only on left or only on the right side of the face.

8. Poor digestion

If malocclusion we are not effectively chew food, what part of nutrients not absorbed by the body. Food enters the body pieces, so that there may be problems with digestion: acid reflux, bloating, flatulence, cramps. And because misaligned teeth are harder to clean, they accumulate more bacteria, which come with saliva in the gastrointestinal tract.

9. Fuzzy diction

Studies have shown that people with malocclusions have more difficulties pronouncing sounds. Narrow upper jaw and high palate and complicate the transfer of certain consonants and misplaced incisors do slurred speech.

In some cases, a failed prosthesis can also disrupt speech.

10. Respiratory failure and heart

If developmental disorders of jaws was laid before the birth of the child, malocclusion can lead to other unpleasant consequences: the gnashing of teeth, spasm of the masticatory muscles, impaired breathing during sleep, obstructive lung diseases and even diseases of the immune system.

The researchers also found a link between the incorrect occlusion of the 1st and 2nd grades and myopia. Strongly pronounced malocclusion may contribute to heart disease and hypertension. This was confirmed by the following experience: when patients with malocclusion occlusal wear of the tire (the lining that allow the teeth to meet properly), their blood pressure decreased.

11. Tooth sensitivity

If the jaws in one of the sections to interlock and a bad one makes the extra effort when chewing, this causes the bone around each tooth grow and the tooth to bend about a vertical axis. The result is a microscopic chip away at the gums and forms a cavity in the tooth. This phenomenon is called abbraccia. These damage the dentin (hard portion of the tooth) is exposed to the stimuli, and the teeth become sensitive to temperature, to sweet and sour, as well as to touch toothbrush.

What dental problems you faced and were you able to achieve a beautiful smile? Tell me about it.

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