Once at the clinic Dr. Hakan Olausson a woman came in with severe inflammation of the brain. She had no reaction, including injections and electrical impulses. Doctors are already resigned to the fact that you will not be able to take care of her until one of the nurses from no sympathy patted the patient’s hand. Suddenly some part of the brain started to work. For scientists, this was the reason to conduct some research and prove how actually important to human normal touch.
AdMe.ru I decided to look into the matter, and now, after going into the subject, we want as often as possible to touch loved ones, because it can protect them from many psychological and physiological problems.
Scientists excited: people were less likely to touch each other
Tiffany field, head of the research Institute the Touch Research, a long time observed the behavior of people in airports, interaction of parents with children on the playgrounds, and the fellowship of teenagers in a cafe. The woman came to a disappointing conclusion: people are less likely to touch each other.
This is unfortunate because earlier she found that children and teenagers who often hugging friends and parents Pat and pats on the back, much less aggressive and much better developed than those who do not receive frequent physical contact with loved ones. However, people are less willing to touch each other. What is the reason?
Attitude toward touch
This is partly due to the increasing anxiety of the society. Today, just hugged his colleague for the shoulder or taking his friend’s hand during a conversation, you can be misunderstood and, at worst, to charges of harassment.
We began very differently to touch. Perhaps you’ve noticed that older people are less complexed in tactile communication. They often touch source: touch his hands, if you want to communicate something important, put a hand on his shoulder when you laugh.
Boys and girls, however, this relationship unpleasant, and they try harder to build personal boundaries, maximally protecting yourself from unnecessary touching, not realizing their importance.
The development of the Internet and social networking
According to Dr. field, it is the presence of gadgets in the hands of the people played a crucial role in reducing the frequency of touch. Especially well it was visible in the airport and people waiting for their flights, not in contact with each other, not hugging, not holding hands. Most of them were absorbed by scrolling ribbons in their phones.
The same can be said about people who dine in the cafe. They rarely hold hands, touch each other or look each other in the eye. To change these actions again came the smartphones.
These insights might be called the empty grumbling of the opponents of progress, if not the knowledge of how actually important for us to touch.
As touch-responsive brain?
Back in the clinic of Dr. Olausson, where random stroking “revive” the brain is a hopeless patient. After this incident, the doctor performed many tests and found the unusual human body’s response to gentle touch, which he called “the effect of the caress.”
As found by the doctor when stroking aktiviziruyutsya the same areas of the brain that work with us while observing the person we love. They work when mothers look at their newborns.
Nerve fibers that send signals in these parts of the brain, scientists called S-tactile afferents, in common parlance — “nerves of love.”
Touch as a pain reliever
Scientists at Oxford University and the University of Liverpool John Moores went ahead and decided to learn how have a calming effect on a person’s gentle touch.
In the study, they observed the child during blood sampling from the finger. Some kids in the time of the procedure was carried out slightly on the inner side of the forearm with a soft brush. These children are much calmer endured the puncture of the finger, and the brain activity associated with pain, decreased them by as much as 40 %.
This gave scientists the opportunity not only to establish that most of the “nerve of love” is concentrated in our region of the inner surface of the forearm, but also to calculate the optimum speed for stroking: it is 3 cm per second.
If you want to cheer up a loved one, try to Pat him on the hand in this way.
Other useful features of the touch
- From of nice touches the body produces the hormone of love oxytocin, a natural antidepressant serotonin and the pleasure hormone dopamine. All of this improves your mood and saves you from depression.
- Gentle stroking or hugging helps the immune system in cases when its work is hampered a lot of stress.
- Touch reduce the number of heart contractions and lower blood pressure.
Speaking of arms, it is worth noting that the most effective way they work, if they do not last less than 20 seconds.
What is skin hunger?
Cutaneous, or tactile, hunger called the human condition, in which he is experiencing acute shortage of contact “skin to skin”. Once this was a sickness of the prisoners, placed in solitary confinement, but over time suffer from this have begun and the people living in perfectly ordinary conditions.
At first the problem seems trivial. But at the time, before we realize it, the body already beginning to worry. The vagus nerve sends information to the brain “we are useless”, and this causes not only physiological, but also psychological problems. In the end, you may receive:
- dissatisfaction with the relationship;
- difficulty sleeping.
Often people suffering from skin hunger, I try to compensate the lack of touch by artificial means. They can take a hot shower, hug a folded blanket while sleeping and not to let go of their Pets. But none of this, of course, does not replace the contact “skin-to-skin”.
How to cope
Those who are currently alone and suffering from a lack of touch, physicians recommend massage. For those who do not live alone, the recommendation is quite clear.
Such people are advised to make a gentle touch became a natural part of every day.
- We need to introduce the tradition to always hug when meeting with a loved one or kiss him on the cheek.
- To be tactilely active during conversations.
- Not to pull away from loved ones while watching TV or “hang up” the phone.
Of course, all of these things only apply to those people with whom you are really close. From friends or colleagues such touching can cause controversy. And, of course, can not go too far, because excessive physical contact can cause tactile fatigue, or as it is called, “stroganovski” — the state in which the person lives in a series of continuous touch.
And this is can cause isolation and unwillingness to communicate with anyone.
Did you ever imagine the symptoms of tactile starvation or, on the contrary, “stroganovski”?